Working for Justice

A Blog for Employees, Whistleblowers, and Advocates of Social Justice
By the Lawyers Who Fight For Your Rights

Are Law Partners Covered by Employment and Anti-Discrimination Laws?

Posted August 16th, 2017 by in Employment Discrimination.

The short answer is quite possibly. In many cases, law partners may be regarded as “employees” under Title VII, the Equal Pay Act (EPA), the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), and other laws – and therefore eligible to sue their firms for employment discrimination, retaliation, and similar unlawful treatment. The issue of whether a […]

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Dual-Pronged Protections for Record-Keeping Whistleblowers

Posted August 14th, 2017 by in Whistleblower Law.

Because bribery cannot be conducted transparently without leaving a trail of breadcrumbs directly back to the wrongdoing, any scheme by a registered company to bribe foreign officials will almost certainly run afoul of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act’s (“FCPA”) record-keeping provisions. However, the FCPA’s record-keeping provisions reach well beyond bribery. The FCPA delineates far-reaching rules […]

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Healthcare Workers Are Needed As False Claims Act Whistleblowers to Expose Healthcare Fraud

Posted July 31st, 2017 by in Whistleblower Law.

President Trump made the “repeal and replacement” of the Affordable Care Act a centerpiece of his Presidential Campaign and Presidency. Thus, as Congress has attempted to “repeal and replace” “Obamacare,” the costs associated with health care have become a major focus of national attention.  Such costs, and which party will bear them, are crucial issues […]

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Study Shows Implicit Bias against African-American Attorneys at Law Firms

Posted July 26th, 2017 by in Race Discrimination.

Ever feel like you’ve received extra scrutiny because of your race?  Research suggests that these fears may be well founded.  A recent study indicates that supervisors are far more likely to overlook or forgive the mistakes of white employees – while African-American employees are far more likely to have their mistakes caught, criticized, and used […]

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Motherhood & The Gender Pay Gap

In May of this year, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission reached a $100,000 settlement agreement in a gender discrimination case against a Florida insurance broker. Why? The company revoked a woman’s job offer “20 minutes after she asked her would-be supervisor about its maternity policy.” Citing an “urgent” need to have someone in the […]

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New York City Fast Food and Retail Workers Look Forward to Fair Scheduling and Work Hours

Posted June 6th, 2017 by in Wages and Overtime Law.

New York City workers and employee advocates cheered as the city last week passed legislation designed to protect some of its most vulnerable workers.  After being approved by the City Council on May 24, Mayor Bill de Blasio signed the Fair Work Week legislative package into law on May 30, 2017, stating that “thousands of […]

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Groundbreaking cases in the Seventh Circuit may have far-reaching effects for LGBTQ employees

For the second time in just two months, the Chicago-based U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit has issued a ground-breaking ruling that will have an enormous impact on countless gender discrimination cases involving LGBTQ people. In April, the Seventh Circuit overturned itself and broke ranks with its sister by holding that employment discrimination […]

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Continuing Race and Gender Pay Gaps Prompt New Responses

Posted June 1st, 2017 by in Employment Discrimination.

The fact that women, and black and Hispanic employees of all genders, continue to be paid less for the same work is gaining increasing national attention and is the focus of a variety of new laws, regulations, and lawsuits.[1] Evidence of Continuing Pay Disparities Data from the census show that large racial and gender pay […]

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《加利福尼亚州禁止侵害老年人财务法》- 加州老年人的强力法律武器

美国人口正日趋老龄化。人们在变老的同时,心智能力也会随之减弱,包括变得孤立、依赖于他人以及常感惊恐。而一些倾其一生积累了一定财富的老年人很容易成为一些不法分子的侵害目标。 这个侵害过程通常开始得很简单。一位投资知识有限或是英语能力有限的老年人开了一个投资账户并买入了一些固定收益股票。他希望得到一些可靠的投资建议,这样就能靠这些股票的收益安然度过余生。然而,在开户后的几个月时间里,开户券商就擅自把这位老人的账户类别设置成了激进型并批准该账户进行融资融券交易和期权交易。 紧接着该账户频繁进行针对于高风险股票和其他不当投资产品的高速当日交易。这些不当投资包括细价股、期权合同以及与大宗商品和珍稀金属的价值相关联的杠杆交易买卖基金。这个拥有50万资产的账户进行了超过2000万数额的交易额。因为这位老年人的投资知识和英语能力有限,很明显这些交易并不是他自己操作的。实际情况是他的证券经纪人违反了经纪义务,控制了该账户并通过过度交易来收取佣金。最终结果是这位老年人亏损了他一辈子的积蓄。 很多老年人遇到这种情况之后不愿意站出来。有些是出于羞愧心理,有些是不知道如何维护自己的权益,还有些人则是两者皆有。其实他们根本不需要这样。加州的老年人有一个强有力的法律武器可以随时使用,那就是《加利福尼亚州禁止侵害老年人财务法》。根据该法律,“侵害老年人财务”指的是当一个人或机构窃取、藏匿、占用、获得或者保留老年人或未独立成年人的个人财产或是不动产来进行不法使用且/或意图欺诈,并且知道或应当知道其行为极有可能造成伤害。对客户的股票经纪账户通过上述方式进行不当管理正是《加利福尼亚州禁止侵害老年人财务法》意在惩罚的行为,而且这些惩罚非常严厉。 首先,当股票经纪人被法院认定为侵害了老年人的财务权利时,法院必须判决给这位老年人补偿性赔偿款、合理的律师费用与支出以及法律提供的所有其他救济手段。 “法律提供的其他救济手段”指的是什么呢?如果股票经纪人被判定为压迫、欺诈或恶意,那么这位老年人除了可以获得实际损害赔偿之外,还可以根据《加州民法通则》第3294条获得惩罚性赔偿,作为对被告的惩罚以及对他们的警示。除了惩罚性赔偿之外,《加州民法通则》第3345条还允许法院在消费者欺诈案件中在满足以下情况下判罚三倍的赔偿金: 被告明知他的行为是针对于老年人的, 被告造成了该老年人收入的损失或是严重的财产损失,而这些财产是老年人专门为退休或个人或家庭维持生计准备的,或是这些财产对于该老年人的健康或福利非常关键,并且 由于年龄和受损的心智,该老年人面对被告的非法行为远比其他公众脆弱,并且被告的行为确实对他造成了严重的精神和财产损失。 总而言之,在《加利福尼亚州禁止侵害老年人财务法》的保护下,受害人可以获得实际损失和律师费用的赔偿。如果被告有严重不法行为,受害人还可以获得惩罚性赔偿和三倍的赔偿。由此可见,《加利福尼亚州禁止侵害老年人财务法》可以将相对很小的案子转变成有可能对股票经纪人和券商造成巨大损失和风险的案子。这样的法律保护机制为老年人提供了强有力的保护,也最大程度地扼制了那些违法分子进行犯罪作业。 如果您是投资欺诈的受害者,您应该勇敢地站出来捍卫自己的权利。如果您觉得自己或亲朋好友是侵害老年人财务犯罪的受害者,请尽快联系我们旧金山或圣地亚哥办公室的金融诉讼律师进行咨询。

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California Financial Elder Abuse Statute – A Powerful Weapon for California’s Seniors

Click here to read the Chinese version of this post America’s population is aging. As people age, their mental faculties can diminish. They can become isolated, dependent, and frightened.  Seniors who accumulated wealth over their lifetimes become attractive targets for unscrupulous people who prey on their vulnerabilities. It generally begins rather simply. A senior citizen […]

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